Bali is an island and province of Indonesia. The province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan. It is located at the westernmost end of the Lesser Sunda Islands,
With a population of 3,890,757 in the 2010 census, and 4,225,000 as of January 2014, the island is home to most of Indonesia’s Hindu minority. According to the 2010 Census, 83.5% of Bali’s population adhered to Balinese Hinduism, followed by 13.4% Muslim, Christianity at 2.5%, and Buddhism 0.5%.
Bali is a popular tourist destination, which has seen a significant rise in numbers since the 1980s. It is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music. The Indonesian International Film Festival is held every year in Bali.
Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species. In this area alone over 500 reef building coral species can be found. For comparison, this is about 7 times as many as in the entire Caribbean. There is a wide range of dive sites with high quality reefs, all with their own specific attractions. Many sites can have strong currents and swell, so diving without a knowledgeable guide is inadvisable. Most recently, Bali was the host of the 2011 ASEAN Summit, 2013 APEC and Miss World 2013.
Bali in Stories
Bali Island it self according to the ancient inscription of Blanjong written 835 Saka or 913 century which is released by Sri Kesari Warmadewa Kingdom that Bali Island is called ‘Bali Dwipa’ where the meaning is Bali means come back, offering, sure and other words related to this meaning, meanwhile Dwipa mean island. The Bali Dwipa might be given by traditional merchants from India where the first time they arrive in Bali they met the local people full with the religious activities by using the offering (banten). Base on the event they called Bali is Bali Dwipa.
Bali from Other Views
According to the geographic, Bali Island is located in the tropical area and as other islands in Indonesia that Bali Island is consisted of the mountain area, coastal and sea. Its land is very fertile and own tropical climate so that this area is very precise as agrarian area.
Balinese people have been well known as the agrarian and friendly people. They are holding the strong social life that are still be defended up to now and become the fortress from unfavorable external influence pressure.
CULTURE AND RELIGION
Most of the Balinese are Hindu while other are Moslem, Christian/catholic and Buddhist where they life in peace and love each other. We can see the religious activity ritual by Hinduism in Bali every day so that this island is more known as an island of heaven. Bali is featured by unique cultures which most adapted from the Hindu influence that are still exist in this new modern era.
As the eaten country and part of Indonesia , living in Bali is very simple and most of them are friendly people. However Balinese it self own special etiquette that you need to know before visiting the island.
Balinese people have a strong community system and well organization. Well organization community organizes every single part of region in Bali from the small one that is called Banjar, village, district, and regency until province.
COSMOGONY AND TRI HITA KARANA
Balinese Hindu has a strong concept in their life that is based on the balance of nature life. This concept now has been adopted by many countries in the world to keep secure the environment from the bad influence.
Cosmogony and Tri Hita Karana
The Balinese Concept is fundamental from the Hindu Religion concept, which is more popular called TRI HITA KARANA where nowadays this concept is becomes the point of the hotel, restaurant and other building assessment in the world. The Balinese Traditional Architecture is not only monumentally, but also has the aspect philosophies and religious. The cosmogony is oneness of three worlds (Tri Bhuana) which is called Bhuhloka, Bhwahloka, and Swahloka. Each of this world (Loka) has habitants it self.
Tri Hita Karana Concept for Life
In addition of this three concepts cosmogony, it is also own contextual with Hindu Religion Concept, which is called Tri Hita Karana (three of the harmony, balance to create the peaceful and happiness). Tri Hita Karana word is come from Sansekerta Language that has meaning to keep the harmony and balance between human to God, human-to-human and human to environment. These three concepts is most popular in Bali spread out as follows:
Parhyangan is one of the three concept related to the god. On this stage, the human is demanded to keep the harmony and balance with god. This concept has huge meaning where the Balinese discipline and full confidence to do this. It is not only including to pray at the temple, however it is cover all the activities which has a good thing in the life like build the temple, cleaning the temple, keep the religion symbols well a lot of thing we can do on this concept.
Pawongan in this concept is required to keep the harmony and balance between human to human and this concept has emphasized how to keep good relation with others. The simple ways to execute the implementation of this concept are to conduct three good things like to think the good thing, to speak the good thing and to conduct the good thing. By conducting three good things that is called Tri Kaya Parisuda, it is ensure we can conduct this concept.
Palemahan, this word is come from lemah that is meaning the land or environment. Generally the Pelemahan in Tri Hita Karana is all aspect related to the environment. Base on this concept the Balinese has treated the environment well and they believe that the good environment will give their life better. Once example the Balinese treat the environment that on the Tumpek Uduh based on the Balinese calendar, the Balinese give the offering to the tree with the purpose that the tree has given them prosperity and a lot of thing they can do to keep the harmony and balance with the environment.
|1 Jan||Wednesday||New Year’s Day||Public Holiday|
|25 Jan||Saturday||Chinese Lunar New Year’s Day||Public Holiday|
|21 Feb||Friday||Maha Shivaratri||Hindu Holiday|
|10 Mar||Tuesday||Holi||Hindu Holiday|
|20 Mar||Friday||March Equinox||Season|
|22 Mar||Sunday||Ascension of the Prophet Muhammad||Public Holiday|
|25 Mar||Wednesday||Bali’s Day of Silence and Hindu New Year||Public Holiday|
|10 Apr||Friday||Good Friday||Public Holiday|
|12 Apr||Sunday||Easter Sunday||Observance|
|1 May||Friday||International Labor Day||Public Holiday|
|7 May||Thursday||Waisak Day (Buddha’s Anniversary)||Public Holiday|
|21 May||Thursday||Ascension Day of Jesus Christ||Public Holiday|
|22 May||Friday||Cuti Bersama||Joint Holiday|
|24 May||Sunday||Idul Fitri Day 1||Public Holiday|
|25 May||Monday||Idul Fitri Day 2||Public Holiday|
|26 May||Tuesday||Cuti Bersama||Joint Holiday|
|27 May||Wednesday||Cuti Bersama||Joint Holiday|
|1 Jun||Monday||Pancasila Day||National holiday|
|21 Jun||Sunday||June Solstice||Season|
|31 Jul||Friday||Eid al-Adha||Public Holiday|
|3 Aug||Monday||Raksha Bandhan||Hindu Holiday|
|11 Aug||Tuesday||Janmashtami||Hindu Holiday|
|17 Aug||Monday||Indonesian Independence Day||Public Holiday|
|20 Aug||Thursday||Muharram/Islamic New Year||Public Holiday|
|22 Aug||Saturday||Ganesh Chaturthi||Hindu Holiday|
|22 Sep||Tuesday||September Equinox||Season|
|17 Oct||Saturday||Navaratri||Hindu Holiday|
|25 Oct||Sunday||Dussehra||Hindu Holiday|
|29 Oct||Thursday||The Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday||Public Holiday|
|21 Dec||Monday||December Solstice||Season|
|24 Dec||Thursday||Cuti Bersama (Christmas Eve)||Joint Holiday|
|25 Dec||Friday||Christmas Day||Public Holiday|
|31 Dec||Thursday||New Year’s Eve||Observance|